First and foremost, the therapist tries to create a neutral and safe environment that makes it easier for family members to discuss their problems and look for a solution. His purpose isn’t to intervene in the family’s dynamics, but to observe them, mediate, and encourage open and sincere communication. Efficient communication can provide the addict with a sense of closure that may encourage sobriety and change.
A therapist will, therefore, focus on engaging families in dialogues about problem-solving and motivation for change. Based on these discussions, the therapist can then create a rigorous plan for recovery.
Some sessions will include larger groups of people, while others will only take place between the addict and their parents, for example. Other meetings could take place in the absence of the addict so that the clinician can get a better view of the problem, as seen from the family member’s perspectives.